Nov 24

Fundamental of Self-Defense Skills Development

If you are looking to learn self-defense and combative skills better, faster, retaining them longer and continuously improve them, then this post is for you. Fundamentals first! Your combative skills’ development should be based on a solid foundation of fundamentals. Master the basics and learn advanced techniques.

Fundamentals, in the case of self-defense, are the basic principles of combative movement. According to Jim Rohn, success is neither magical nor mysterious. Success is the natural consequence of consistently applying the basic fundamentals.

As a self-defense trainer, I focus on the following niches:

  • Health & Performance – Composed of people who want to improve their health and athleticism through incorporating combat-related exercise into their lifestyle.


  • Self-Defense – Group of people who want to protect themselves and loved ones from violence.


  • High-Risk Professionals – People who encounter life-threatening situations on the job, such as security, corrections, military, police,


I start with fundamentals when designing a training solution for all these groups. I am convinced that the shortest path to legitimate progress is, to begin with, combative fundamentals. To help you understand it, let me tell you what fundamentals are and aren’t.

  • Fundamentals are not designed to teach you how to fight, although they are a vital starting point for the effective combative skills development.

  • While fundamentals are the foundation of all strike-based martial arts, they aren’t a martial art. The way you apply principles does change, but principles do not change. A practitioner from any martial art can benefit from giving time to learn the fundamentals.


  • Fundamentals are the mechanics of combative movement, stripped down to their vital elements. They are the basics of the efficient way to position yourself, move with balance and fluidity and of the correct way to hit with power, efficiency, and resilience.


According to Bruce Lee, it’s not the daily increase but the daily decrease. Hack away at the unessential. Fundamentals, in my opinion, are the essentials. They are square one of any self-defense system or strike-based martial art.

When you trained based on the mastery of fundamentals, you can get the following benefits:

  • Learn faster – Focusing on fundaments will shorten the learning curve when transitioning to more advanced fighting or control tactics.
  • Learn better – Fundamentals reinforce effective combative habits. Protecting your head at all times, generating power with your entire body, and maintaining a stable, balanced, yet mobile position become habitual after time is spent on the basics.


  • Retain it longer – If you mimic or memorize something, you’ll forget it eventually, but if you understand something, it is yours forever. Fundamentals help you get it faster when trying to understand the basis for combative methods and movement.


The point of this entire post is that regardless of your training goals, start with the fundamentals.






Nov 23

How Throwing Objects Help In Your Self Defense?

Throwsticks are primal survival/hunting/multi-tools on at least five continents dating back from ancient civilizations. I have nearly indestructible replicas of the Australian Aboriginal version called the kylie, one of the best-made hand-thrown objects in the world. I bought it in the middle of last year and had been planning to write about it ever since. I also planned to make a video demonstrating how to use it, but over the last few months, I’ve been so busy moving/traveling that I have not had enough time to write about it, much less create a video. This post will have to suffice until I do have time to make a video.

Throwsticks are excellent survival tools designed to fly straight and level up to 85 meters or more depending on the strength of your throw. The Australian Aborigines used kylies primarily for hunting, but they also used it as close range striking weapons, and you could use them as close-range throwing weapons as well.

My favorite thing about my throwsticks is that they are fun to throw. When I got my throwstics, my friend and I spent a couple of days throwing it back and forth at distances on a deserted beach. The way the throwsticks fly and the way they feel to throw is fantastic.

Throwing Objects In Self Defense

While throwing throwsticks make a lot of fun, I think learning to throw objects in self defense is somewhat undervalued. You may not take down someone entirely by throwing something at them if you fail to nail in the face or knee. However, throwing things at an opponent is an excellent idea and the more accurate and harder you can do it, the better. There will be something you can throw at your enemy in most natural environments. If you accurately hum something in the face of your enemy, you will put your them on defense as a natural reaction. Even if you do not hit your opponent in the face, he will be forced to move and or block, which will create openings for you to exploit.

One of my favorite combinations is to throw something at the face of an opponent and follow with an immediate kick to the groin. You can throw with almost anything, such as a backpack, a book, a laptop, a vase, a magazine, etc. If someone knocked down your front door, your first move would be to grab whatever is next to you and throw it at them, putting your attacker on defense and buying you a bit more time to get an advantage. To be as effective as possible, practicing throwing objects at targets makes sense. This is another reason I love throwsticks. They are fun, useful for training in self defense, and they are an excellent tool for a variety of purposes for anyone into outdoor survival.


Nov 22

Richmond Shooting: Prosecutors Say BART Cops Acted In Self Defense

Two BART Police officers will not face charges of shooting and wounding an armed 21-year-old man last week near the Richmond BART station. An investigation determined they acted in self defense, officials said Monday.

Richmond BART station

The Contra Costa County district attorney’s office issued the decision after a preliminary investigation that started immediately after the man was shot on November 16, according to deputy district attorney Barry Grove.

Grove said a station agent noticed the man, whose name hasn’t been released, carrying a full-length shotgun, partially obscured by his pants, exiting the Richmond BART Station just before 1 a.m. The station agent alerted authorities.

Two officers recognized the man fitting the description about a hundred yards from the station. At gunpoint the duo demanded the man to stop and show his hands, Grove said. The man refused to cooperate and started to take the shotgun out of his pants. As he was taking the shotgun out of his pants, he was shot.

Grove said that the two officers fired their handguns. Medical assistance was called to the scene, and the wounded man was brought to Highland Hospital in Oakland, where he was still being treated on Monday after surgery.

Grove said that the man is going to live but added that he was not yet sure of the extent of the man’s injuries.

According to Grove, investigators reviewed the video of the incident, examined the physical evidence and interviewed witnesses, officers, the wounded suspect, and his family members. Grove said the man had a criminal history that included violent crime. Grove, however, declined to elaborate the man’s criminal record.

According to Grove, the man who was shot will face charges from the Contra Costa County District Attorney’s office, but he did not know which charges yet. Grove said that they might file charges within the next couple of weeks.

The names of the two officers involved have not been released.


Nov 21

Rules of Engagement In Attempting A Citizen’s Arrest

As a citizen, you have a right to protect yourself. However, when you attempt to prevent or stop a crime, the rules of engagement are somewhat tricky and may expose you to legal jeopardy.

For example, you can arrest a person whom you reasonably suspect of committing a felony, even if the felony did not take place in your presence. As long as a felony was committed and you knew of the crime, a reasonable suspicion of the identity of the perpetrator will justify your arrest. The felony must have actually taken place before you can make a citizen arrest. Even if you reasonably believe that a felony has taken place, if the crime did not in fact happen, you could become civilly and criminally liable.

But what about misdemeanors and what level of force can you use? How are the rules different if a law enforcement officer directs you to make the arrest and are you aware of the legal risks if you violate someone’s rights in making the arrest? Do you know how to make an arrest safely, or are you well-educated in local, state, and federal laws?

Here’s an example of a citizen’s arrest gone wrong when a gun owner attempted to stop fleeing shoplifters in Billings, Montana.

A man fired his gun during an attempted citizen’s arrest in the Rimrock Mall parking lot on February 25. After six months, city prosecutors have filed charges against him. He was charged on August 18 in Billings Municipal Court with misdemeanors for negligent endangerment and unlawful discharge of a firearm.

The Yellowstone County Attorney’s Office previously reviewed the case and declined to file any felony charges.

He approached two people with a cart full of items as they left the mall. He believed those things to be stolen. As the pair loaded items into an SUV, he attempted to make a citizen’s arrest. The interaction was witnessed by people nearby, and it was also caught on video.

The couple got into the vehicle, which lurched backward toward him. He held up a .45 caliber handgun, according to charging documents. A man got out from the driver’s seat and ran, and a woman took the wheel.

Given that the news report is accurate, the gun owner went too far to stop a simple act of theft. The incident may have exposed him to legal consequences even without the use of a gun.

The lesson here is not to get involved in stopping a crime unless you are sure you know what is and is not legal. It may not be wise even then to do such thing.

The problem is that citizens generally don’t have an idea how to gain compliance from another human being. Police have the advantage of wearing a uniform that signals their authority and being officially appointed by the community to enforce laws. Moreover, they also have undergone training for verbal and physical compliance techniques.

Without a variety of well-rehearsed techniques at your disposal, stopping a crime or making an arrest will likely to escalate into a battle of wills and a physical altercation. It may sometimes be morally correct and legal to make a citizen arrest, but it could also expose you to dangerous legal jeopardy. Now, should you attempt a citizen’s arrest?